New York § VTL 1144-a: “Move Over” Law
The “Ambrose-Searles Move Over” law is designed to protect the safety of law enforcement and emergency workers along New York’s roadways. It is appropriately named after New York State Trooper Robert W. Ambrose and Deputy Sheriff Glenn Matthew Searles who were both struck and killed by vehicles while attending to motorists in the line of duty. It was signed into law by then-Governor David Patterson and came into effect on January 1, 2011. In 2012, the law was amended to include tow and service vehicle operators. When approaching these vehicles that are “stopped, parked or standing” on the shoulder of a roadway, drivers are required to:
You can read the full text of the law in Section 1144-a of the New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law.
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Carbon Monoxide Detectors
Required Under New Law
Amanda’s Law, passed in the 2009 Session of the New York State Legislature, will establish a new requirement for installation of carbon monoxide detectors in homes. Under the law, one-family homes, two-family homes, dwellings located in condominiums or cooperatives, and multiple dwellings must have a carbon monoxide detector installed regardless of the date of construction or sale.
The law was named after Amanda Hansen, a teenager whose life was tragically ended by a carbon monoxide leak from a defective boiler while she was sleeping at a friend’s house in January 2009.
The new law requires that the carbon monoxide detector be a device meeting New York State standards, and that it be installed in an operable condition in dwellings where there are appliances or systems that may emit carbon monoxide or have an attached garage.
Prior to Amanda’s Law, carbon monoxide detectors were required in one-family dwellings, two-family dwellings, and dwellings located in condominiums or cooperatives only if they were constructed or offered for sale after July 30, 2002. For multiple dwellings (such as a tenement, hotel, and dormitories) carbon monoxide detectors were required if they were constructed or offered for sale after August 9, 2005.
As a result of Amanda’s Law, a carbon monoxide detector will be found in nearly all residential structures in the state. This creates a safer living environment for New York residents and creates a greater awareness of home safety issues that are intensified by seasonal heating issues prevalent in the Northeast.
Amanda’s Law takes effect on February 22, 2010.